ICS-CERT is aware of a public report of an insufficiently protected credentials vulnerability with proof-of-concept (PoC) exploit code affecting Kessler-Ellis Products (KEP) Infilink HMI V5.00.23, which is a human-machine interface (HMI) product.
According to this report, this vulnerability is exploitable locally by using the extracted common password key. ICS-CERT and the vendor were in the initial coordination stages when the report was released on July 29, 2012, at DEFCON 20.
ICS-CERT has notified the affected vendor of the report and has asked the vendor to confirm the vulnerability and identify mitigations. ICS-CERT is issuing this alert to provide early notice of the report and identify baseline mitigations for reducing risks to these and other cybersecurity attacks.
The report included vulnerability details and PoC exploit code for the following vulnerability:
Vulnerability Type: Insufficiently Encrypted Credentials
Remotely Exploitable: No
Impact: Unauthorized Access, Access to Sensitive Data
Dr. Wesley McGrew of Mississippi State University disclosed this vulnerability to ICS-CERT prior to presenting the information at the DEFCON 20 conference in Las Vegas, Nevada on July 29, 2012. The KEP Infilink HMI product (V5.00.23) does not securely hash credentials in the project files.
The product uses a simple binary XOR against the password to encrypt plaintext credentials. The key is trivial to extract and is common for all installations of the product.
The KEP Infilink HMI software package provides industrial automation that is suited for small Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) users. KEP’s products are deployed in multiple sectors.
Please report any issues affecting control systems in critical infrastructure environments to ICS-CERT. ICS-CERT is currently coordinating with the vendor and security researcher to identify
The full ICS-CERT report can be found here: